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Glossary

AFAC - Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council

AFC - Australian Fire Competencies

AFFF - Aqueous Film Forming Foam

AIES - Australian Institute of Emergency Services

AIIMS - Australasian Inter-service Incident Management System

AIRS - Australian Incident Reporting System.

Alarm Panel - Fire Indicator Panel (FIP).

AS - Australian Standard

ATC - Alcohol Type Compatible Foam

BCA - Building Code of Australia

BOM - Bureau of Meteorology

CABA - Compressed Air Breathing Apparatus

CAFS - Compressed Air Foam System

CBR - Chemical Biological Radiological

CFA - Country Fire Authority (Victoria.)

CFS - Country Fire Service

Combatant Authority - The agency, service, organisation or authority with the legislative authority for control of the incident. Also referred to as the Responsible Authority or Agency.

Confined Space - Enclosed or partially enclosed space, which at atmospheric pressure during occupancy and is not intended as a workspace and may have restricted entry and exit. It may include but not restricted to storage tanks, vessels, boilers, silo, sewers, ducts and shaft. It may also include ship space entered through small hatchway or access point. (OH&S Regs 1995).

Fuel - Any material such as grass, leaf litter and live vegetation, which can be ignited and sustains a fire. Fuel is usually measured in tonnes per hectare.

Fuel Moisture Content - The water content of a fuel particle expressed as a percent of the oven dry weight of the fuel particle (%ODW).

FPAA - Fire Protection Association of Australia

HAZMAT - Hazardous Materials

Hot Zone - The area immediately surrounding a hazardous materials incident, which extends far enough to prevent adverse affects from hazardous materials releases to personnel outside the zone (see Control Zones).

LPG - Liquid Petroleum Gas

MFS - Metropolitan Fire Service

MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheet

NERAG - National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines

NFPA - National Fire Prevention Association

OBAOC - Operate Breathing Apparatus, Open Circuit

ODW - Oven Dry Weight

OH&S - Occupational Health and Safety

OHS&W - Occupational Health Safety and Welfare.

PPE - Personal Protective Equipment

PPV - Positive Pressure Ventilation

PSTN - Public Switched Telephone Network and the conventional landline telephone system.

Relative Humidity - The amount of water vapour in a given volume of air, expressed as a percentage of the maximum amount of water vapour the air can hold at that temperature.

REM - The REM (Radiation Equivalent-Man) is a unit of radiation dose equivalent, now superseded by the Sievert. A REM is one-hundredth of a Sievert.

RFS - Rural Fire Service (NSW)

RH - Relative Humidity

SACFS - South Australian Country Fire Service

SAFECOM - South Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commission

SAMFS - South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service

SAPOL - South Australian Police

SAR - Search and Rescue

SASES - South Australian State Emergency Service

Sealed Source - In a sealed source, the radioactive material is encapsulated in a non-radioactive material such as stainless steel. The encapsulation prevents the escape of the radioactive material but allows the radiation to pass through.

SEMC - State Emergency Management Committee (SA)

SEOC - State Emergency Operations Centre

SES - State Emergency Service

SFC - Standards of Fire Cover

SFEC - Standards of Fire and Emergency Cover (CFS)

Shielded Source - A shielded source is stored within a container, often a lead pot, which is designed to prevent radiation from escaping. While the containment is intact, no danger exists from this source.

Sievert - The Sievert is the standard unit of radiation dose equivalent. A micro-Sievert is one-millionth of a Sievert.

Structure Fire - A fire burning part, or all of any building, shelter, or other construction.

Warm Zone - The control zone at a hazardous materials site where personnel and equipment decontamination and hot zone support takes place. It includes control points for the access corridor, helping to reduce the spread of contamination (see Control Zones).